Caravan Sites/Mobile Home/Park Home Licensing
The Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 (CSCDA) prohibits the use of land as a caravan site unless the occupier holds a site licence issued by the local authority.
There are exemptions from the requirement for a site licence, including:
- Sites where builders/engineers, agricultural or forestry workers, travelling showmen or seasonal workers stay in caravans
- Sites of 5 or more acres with 3 or fewer caravans sited for no more than 28 days a year
- Sites occupied and supervised or approved by exempted organisations (a list of these can be found at http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/Images/caravan_exempts_tcm6-10046.pdf),
- Sites occupied by a local authority.
Site licences can only be issued when the applicant has permission to use the land as a caravan site under the Town and Country Planning Act 1947. If the permission is only temporary, then the site licence shall also expire at the same date; otherwise the site licence shall continue in force unless revoked. Licences must not be issued to applicants who have had a site licence revoked within three years of the current application.
A site licence may have conditions attached which, amongst other matters, restrict the number of caravans and ensure that sanitary and other facilities are provided. Breach of licence conditions is an offence under the Act.
The 2013 Act will bring in new provisions from 1 April 2014 to include the ability for the local authority to charge the site owner a fee for applying for a site licence, and an annual fee system. Failure to pay the annual fee may lead to the revocation of the licence. Local authorities will also be able to refuse to grant a site licence where it considers that the applicant is unsuitable to hold a licence. In addition the local authority will be able to serve compliance notices where licence conditions are breached, with failure to comply an offence which could result in a fine and revocation of the licence. Additionally if the licence holder does not comply with the notice the local authority can do the work in default and recover the costs.
The 2013 Act also seeks to provide increased protection for residents of caravan sites in respect of matters relating to site rules, pitch fees and sale or gift of homes.
Acknowledgement: Thanks to Laura Driscoll from Bracknell Forest who has helped develop this page.
- Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 ( Legislation in force in )
- Caravan Sites Act 1968 ( Legislation in force in )
- Mobile Homes Act 1983 ( Legislation in force in )
- The Mobile Homes Act 2013 (Commencement and Saving Provision) (England) Order 2014
- The Mobile Homes (Site Licensing) (England) Regulations 2014
- The Mobile Homes (Site Rules) (England) Regulations 2014
- Mobile Homes (Selling and Gifting) (England) Regulations 2013
- Mobile Homes Act 2013 ( Legislation in force in )
- Sections 9 to 12 came into force on 26 May 2013.
- Mobile Homes (Wales) Act 2013 ( Legislation in force in )
- Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960, the Caravan Sites Act 1968 and the Mobile Homes Act 1983 restated in Mobile Homes (Wales) Act 2013.
- Mobile Homes Act 2013: a best practice guide for local authorities on enforcement of new site licensing regime
- Mobile Homes Act 2013: advice to local authorities on the new regime for applications for the grant or transfer of a site licence
- Park Homes: Site Licensing - Definition of Relevant Protected Sites
- The Mobile Homes Act 2013: A Guide for Local Authorities on setting site licensing fees
- Mobile Homes Act 2013 - new licensing enforcement tools: Advice for Park Home Site Owners
- Model Standards 2008 for Caravan Sites in England
- Model standards 2008 for Caravan Sites in Wales