Hackney Carriage (Taxi)
A hackney or hackney carriage (also called a cab, black cab, hack or London taxi) is a carriage or automobile for hire. A livery carriage superior to the hackney was called a remise.
In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in Greater London or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of Great Britain, or by the Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland. [Source]
Legislation in force in
Description: Hackney carriage licence zones
General amendments and flexible transport services
Immediate suspension and revocation of drivers' licences, Abolition of “contract exemption”, Private hire vehicles in London
- Disabled Access
s.36 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (partially commenced by enactment of the Local Transport Act 2008)
- Disabled Access Provisions
- Quantity restrictions for taxis outside London
- Acceptance of driving licences from other EU member states
- Recognition to Northern Ireland driving licences for the purposes of taxi and PHV driver licensing
- Enabling Council's to request enhanced CRB's for taxi/PH drivers
- Transport for London -v- Uber London Ltd, Licensed Taxi Drivers Association, Licensed Private Hire Car Association Neutral Citation Number:  EWHC 2918 (Admin)
Description: London, taxi meters, GPS devices, booking apps, taximeters do not operate in the same way as hailing app as they do not depend on GPS signals or include the app's other new-tech characteristics to calculate fares.
Description: S.68 & s.60 suspension notices, fitness of a vehicle, grounds for suspension.
Description: Lawfulness of penalty point schemes, unlawful to suspend a driver's licence as an interim step following a complaint or allegation and pending the outcome of the complaint or allegation.
Description: Imposition of conditions, local arrangements, private hire operator condition.
- The Queen (on the application of Newcastle City Council v Bar Wick-Upon-Tweed Borough Council, George Richardson, for and on behalf of Berwick Borough Taxi Association, Ian Gordon Shanks, Paul Thomas Shanks And Jane Bell T/A Blue Line Taxis  EWHC 2369 (Admin)
Key Words: cross border hiring, hackney carriages may still undertake pre-booked hirings anywhere in England and Wales, hackney carriages to fulfil pre-booked hirings in other districts.
Key Words: fit and proper, exceptional hardship
Key Words: cross border hiring, hackney carriages may still undertake pre-booked hirings anywhere in England and Wales
- Exeter City Council V Sandle 
Key Words: A hackney carriage licence was capable of renewal in the sense envisaged by the Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 s.60 after the expiration
Key Words: policy, wheelchair accessible vehicles, consultation, local authorities functions and responsibilities
Key Words: the 21 day period for appeals against a councils decision is not capable of being extended, even by invoking the Civil Procedure Rules
- Blueline Taxis (Newcastle) Limited v The Council Of The City Of Newcastle Upon Tyme [District Judge]
Key Words: private hire operator conditions, use of "out of area" licensed vehicles
- Ian Gordon Shanks, Paul Thomas Shanks and Jane Bell (Trading As Blue Line Taxis) v Northumberland County Council  EWHC 1539 (Admin)
Keywords: use of "out of area" licensed vehicles, Hackney Carriage conditions, power to impose, record keeping, public safety.
Taxi Licensing: Review of Local Authority Quantity Control Policies, 19 October 2005
The DfT is the lead government department responsible for taxis and private hire.